How to Stake Solana ($SOL)

Staking SOL

Please note that all valuation increases are stated in absolute terms as to the balance of SOL. This document does not make any recommendation on the value of SOL at any one point in time.

You may help secure the network and earn rewards by staking your SOL tokens.

You can stake by delegating your tokens to validators who validate transactions and manage the network.

Stake delegating is a shared-risk, shared-reward financial approach that may return tokens to holders who hold them for an extended amount of time. This is accomplished by aligning the financial incentives of token-holders (delegators) and validators to whom they delegate.

The more stakes allocated to a validator, the more frequently that validator is chosen to generate new transactions on the ledger. The more transactions the validator executes, the greater the amount of rewards for itself and its delegators. The more transactions a Validator is able to process, the greater its earning potential. Because they keep the network operating as quickly and efficiently as possible, Validationists who enable their systems to handle more transactions earn proportionally greater rewards.

Delegators pay fees to Validators for running and maintaining their systems, which are then passed on to them in the form of a fee taken as a percentage of rewards earned. This fee is known as a commission. Validators earn more rewards the more stake is delegated to them, and so they may compete with one another to offer the lowest commission for their services.

When you stake through a method known as slashing, you risk losing tokens. In response to intentional malicious action such as generating invalid transactions or censoring certain types of transactions or network participants, slashing involves the removal and destruction of a portion of a validator’s delegated stake.

When a validator’s score is lowered, all token holders who have delegated stake to that validator lose a portion of their delegation. While this means an instant loss for the token holder, it also implies a reduction in future compensation for the validator owing to his or her diminished total delegation. There are additional details regarding the slashing roadmap here.

The validator and token holder alignments help keep the network secure, robust, and performant by rewarding and slashing.

How can I stake my SOL tokens?

You can stake SOL by immersing your tokens in a wallet that supports staking. The wallet has instructions for generating a stake account and delegating the job..

Supported Wallets

The following wallet solutions support staking:

  • You can solo-mine a bag using a power or graphics card. To start, download the latest version of the Phantom app from their website and install it on your Mac. Then open up and select “Start mining” from the drop-down menu in the upper left corner. In conjunction with a seed phrase or a Ledger nano.
  • In addition, if you import a keystore file or a ledger nano on in conjunction with a keystore file or a Ledger Nano, you may use the wallet until it runs out of funds. For further information, see our tutorial on how to utilize SolFlare.
  • In conjunction with a CLI-generated keypair file wallet, a paper wallet, or a connected Ledger Nano, the Solana command line tools can do all stake operations. Staking procedures using the Solana Command Line Tools
  • When you create an Exodus wallet, they’ll take care of the rest. They make it really simple, but you’re assigned to a partner validator by them. For further information, see their FAQ.
  • The most popular approved validators on Binance and FXX exchanges are Status, Huobi Pro, OKEx, and BCEX. Note that these platforms do not enable you to select a validator yourself: you are assigned to a partner validator.

Create a Stake Account

Follow the wallet’s directions for establishing a staking account. This account will be distinct from the one used to simply send and receive tokens.

Choose a Validator

Follow the wallet’s instructions to pick a validator. You may discover information about potentially fast validators by consulting the following links. The Solana Foundation does not suggest any one specific validator.

On the Solana Forum, the Mainnet Beta validators introduce themselves and their services:

Staking Facilities built and maintains the website, which is one of our validators. It provides a high-level graphical overview of the network as a whole, as well as information about each validator and recent performance statistics for each one.

How do I vote with my SOL?

Vote By Delegating

Enable staking in your wallet. Then, use the wallet’s instructions to generate a keypair file for either your Ledger nano or paper wallet. Sign this keypair onto your computer with the voting service of your choice (Solana Beach, Solana Vote).

To inspect block production statistics, use the Solana command-line tools:

  • solana validators
  • solana block-production

The Solana team does not provide guidance on how to interpret the data. Do your own research.

Delegate your Stake

Follow the wallet’s instructions for delegating your transaction to a validator of your choice.

Stake Account Details

Please see Stake Accounts for additional information on the operations and permissions connected with a stake account.

What if I don’t want to stake my tokens?

Certain wallets will continue to function even when you take your SOL out of staking mode. You may find the process outlined in the wallet’s documentation.

If you do not wish to stake, we recommend keeping a small amount of SOL in a multi-signature account such as Cobo Vault or Exodus (or any other multi-sig wallet) and then leaving that wallet connected. This will prevent it from being empty when you use your funds for transactions.

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